Leeds is a city in the United Kingdom, located in the county of West Yorkshire in Northern England, approximately 170 miles north of central London. In 2018, the City of Leeds had an estimated population of 789,000 inhabitants, which makes it the 2nd largest city and the 2nd largest metropolitan district in the United Kingdom. Today, Leeds has become the largest legal and financial centre outside London and also the UK’s third-largest manufacturing centre with around 1,800 firms and 39,000 employees.
Leeds’ transport system is dominated by cars with 4.18 billion vehicle miles travelled on roads in Leeds in 2018. It is currently the 9th most congested UK city, with congestion costing £1,057 per driver. One street in Leeds has been measured as the most polluted outside London. As part of plans to tackle inner city air pollution, Leeds will introduce a Clean Air Zone this year (2020), which will charge the most polluting buses, coaches and HGVs £50 a day to enter the city, while taxis and private hire vehicles which are not clean enough will be charged £12.50 a day.
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020
research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 815189.