Istanbul has a population of approximately 14.8 million. However, including daily visitors (commuters, tourists, etc.), this figure increases to an estimated 20 million.
There are approximately 3.5 million vehicles in Istanbul, of which 2.6 million were cars. Road vehicles also include Bus Rapid Transit, minibuses, shared taxis, etc. Approximately 480,000 vehicles per day cross the Bosphoros (Strait of Istanbul) via the 3 bridges and 35,000 vehicles via the sumberged Eurasia Tunnel which opened in 2016.
Traffic volumes are increasing and leading to congestion on both main and side roads. Suburban sprawl is taking place, while most of the city’s facilities (trip attractors) remain in the centre, thus leading to increased travel time, congestion and air pollution. The contribution of transport to carbon emissions in Istanbul is 28%. The city’s objective is to decrease these emissions by 30% by 2030.
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020
research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 815189.